Sativa-type landraces. Most traditional Cannabis domesticates (“landraces”) exhibit plants akin to what the vernacular taxonomy terms ‘Sativas’. The stereotypical Sativa of Western preconceptions is tall, narrow-leafleted, and late-maturing. Domesticates conforming closely to this stereotype are common to tropical and subtropical Asia, where they’re cultivated for ganja, meaning high-THC inflorescences, i.e ‘bud’. Sativa-like morphology is also typical of Himalayan landraces, though these are usually earlier-maturing and have fairly balanced THC:CBD profiles. Populations from traditional hashish-producing regions such as Afghanistan, the Middle East, and North Africa can also show plants with some or all of the Sativa-type traits. In strains such as Mazari or Sinai, plants exist on a continuum of variation ranging from narrow-leafleted variants at one extreme to broad-leafleted at the other. Furthermore, a minority of domesticates from regions closely associated with stereotypical Sativas can be consistently early-maturing. Historically, across much of Eurasia, from the peripheries of Central Asia outwards, extensive hybridization has occurred between the two formal domesticated varieties of subsp. indica, namely var. indica (Sativas) and var. afghanica (Indicas).

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