Indica-type landraces. In the informal vernacular taxonomy, Indicas are short, compact, early maturing, and have broad oblanceolate leaflets, ‘skunky’ aromas, and sedative effects. The accurate formal classification for such plants is C. sativa subsp. indica var. afghanica. They likely originated around the Hindu Kush, Transoxiana, and Xinjiang. Historically, these domesticates were cultivated for hashish in regions of Central Asia such as Yarkand, Bukhara, and Samarkand. After extensive study of herbarium specimens, McPartland and Small have concluded there is a pattern of diversity in subsp. indica that is created by natural selection, not humans. The authors identified two main populations of wild-type subsp. indica, namely South Asian (var. himalayensis) and Central Asian (var. asperrima). Respectively, these wild populations correspond to the two main domesticated types of subsp. indica, namely var. indica (Sativas) and var. afghanica (Indicas). These intersect around northern Pakistan. Landraces in contemporary Pakistan and Afghanistan often exhibit a spectrum of variation, with traits such as fan-leaflet width varying from broad to narrow within a population. Many authentic landraces appear to be hybrids of var. indica and var. afghanica.¬†Around the peripheries of Central Asia, hybridization between these formal botanical varieties long predates even the Hippie Trail era. This is the case across much of the Middle East, for example. Due to hybridization, pure Indicas are increasingly rare among landraces and modern ‘strains’. Selected heirloom Indicas such as Deep Chunk, X18, and Afgaan 90 are available here together with worldwide stealth shipping for the complete landrace catalogue of The Real Seed Company.

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