Tropical Indian landraces. Tropical and subtropical India are widely believed to be the centre of origin of stereotypical Sativa-type ‘drug-type’ domesticates. The main purpose for which these narrow-leafleted landraces have been domesticated is the production of seedless or lightly seeded high-THC female inflorescences—in other words, ‘bud’. In the languages of India and Indian-influenced regions to its east, bud is traditionally known as ‘ganja‘. Historically, the most renowned Indian centre of commercial ganja cultivation was the Ganja Mahal of East Bengal, now Bangladesh. Since prohibition, its reputation has been eclipsed by regions such as Idukki (Kerala, South India) and Imphal (Manipur, Northeast India). Today, the Internet has rapidly accelerated the introduction of modern hybrid seed to South Asia, particularly to India, where it’s utilized both by hobbyists and organized crime. Throughout South Asia, traditional ganja landraces face imminent extinction.
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