Indica-type landraces. In the vernacular taxonomy, Indicas are short, compact, early maturing, and have broad leaflets, ‘skunky’ aromas, and sedative effects. Indicas likely originated around the Hindu Kush, Transoxiana, and Xinjiang. Historically, Indica-type domesticates were cultivated for hashish in regions of Turkestan such as Xinjiang, Bukhara, and Samarkand. Landraces that resemble the Indica type are also widespread in the Middle East. After extensive study of herbarium specimens, McPartland and Small have concluded that there is a pattern of diversity in ssp. indica that is created by natural selection, not humans. There are two main populations of wild-type ssp. indica, namely South Asian (var. himalayensis) and Central Asian (var. asperrima). These intersect around northern Pakistan. They correspond to the two main domesticated types of ssp. indica, namely var. indica (Sativas) and var. afghanica (Indicas). Landraces in contemporary Afghanistan often exhibit a spectrum of variation, with traits such as leaflet width varying from broad to narrow within a population. Many landraces appear to be hybrids of var. indica and var. afghanica. Across much of Eurasia, hybridization between these formal botanical varieties long predates even the Hippie Trail era. Pure Indicas now appear to be a rarity both among landraces and modern ‘strains’. Selected heirloom Indicas such as Deep Chunk, X18, and Afgaan 90 are available here together with worldwide stealth shipping for the complete landrace catalogue of The Real Seed Company.

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